Wool fabric is known for its warmth and breathability, making it a favourite material for sweaters and blankets. It comes in various weights, patterns and blends, so aside from sweaters and blankets, you can also use it on other projects such as pants, fabrics, and scarves. You can easily find wool fabric online. Whether you’re a pro or a beginner in sewing, and you wish to work on this type of material, here are some tips that you will find helpful.
Prepare the fabric
One of the characteristics of wool is that it shrinks, which is why most items made of it require dry cleaning. When doing a project using wool, make extra allowance for shrinkage when you purchase your materials. Pre-shrink the fabric so you can get the size that you need for the finished work. Run it in your dryer under low temperature. Add a damp towel through the cycle.
Choose the right pattern
As mentioned, there are different types of wool, and they could work in various patterns. Make sure that the one you choose will work for the specific fabric that you will use. For instance, thicker wool fabrics are heavier, making them ideal for simpler patterns. They tend to bulk more so it won’t be easy to work on them with a more elaborate design. However, there are also lightweight fabrics that you can use if you wish to achieve a more tailored finish.
Select the right fabric type
Wool fabrics can either be knitted or woven. The knitted ones are softer compared to the woven ones. With this, they are commonly used for projects that need more draping like shirts and skirts. Woven wool fabrics, on the other hand, are firmer; making them ideal for items that need more structure like coats.
Use the right needle
In general, a jersey or ball-point needle is the ideal needle to use when working with wool fabric. This type of needle will efficiently glide through the fibres preventing them from being cut or damaged. However, if you are working on thicker wool fabrics, it could be challenging to use this one since you will need a sharper one to go through it. You may use a pointed needle in this case. To avoid damage to your fabric, avoid using dull needles.
Use a pressing cloth
Do this when pre-shrinking your fabric, when you need to lessen or eliminate bulk through the process, and when you complete the project. The wool fabric could get damaged with too much heat. To avoid this, use a pressing cloth, so there is something in between the material and the iron. Also, use the wool setting for your iron.
Line your project
A thinner wool cloth can easily fray. One way to prevent this is by lining your project. Aside from avoiding frays, it can also make the item more comfortable; especially as wool can be hard and harsh on the skin.
Aside from the tips mentioned above, do not underestimate the power of sharp scissors when cutting your fabric. It can have a significant impact on your output. Use pinking shears for thicker wools and a rotary cutter to make straight cuts.