Our mouth can be affected by diseases in any area of the mouth: teeth, tongue, lips, etc. Find out which are the most common, their causes, how to prevent them, symptoms, and possible treatments. Although many of them are mild, it is essential to treat them properly so that they do not worsen and lead to more serious diseases, which can even harm other organs of our body and leave our teeth not looking in the best shape that they could.

Cavities.

Dental cavities attack the tooth and cause a hole.  If it is not discovered and treated early, it will continue to penetrate the tooth, affecting other parts and tissues such as dentin, dental pulp, and nerve. In its final phase, it can cause painful inflammation and destroy the tooth. Dental cavities can be associated with the genetic origin or different external factors, such as a poor diet, medication intake, or poor dental hygiene. To avoid the appearance of cavities, proper hygiene is essential, always adapted to each individual’s needs. There are plenty of treatments available to you. If you ignore your symptoms, then it could lead to the teeth becoming loose and falling out. If this occurs, you would need to look at dental implants – you can find out more about that to see if you are a candidate.

Gingivitis.

Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums caused by the accumulation of oral biofilm (bacterial plaque). It can occur in early life and progress slowly. It is usually easily visible because it causes redness, sensitivity, and even bleeding of the gums. Gingivitis is one of the most frequent oral diseases, with a high incidence in the adult population. It can be produced both in own teeth and in implants, being of great importance, once again, eating habits and dental hygiene. It is a reversible disease, but it can lead to periodontitis and possible tooth loss if it is not treated correctly.

Periodontitis.

Periodontitis is characterized by the appearance of redness, changes in texture, bleeding, and receding gums. In more advanced stages of the disease, suppuration and dental mobility may appear, even the loss of teeth. All periodontitis comes from the worsening of gingivitis and although gingivitis does not always worsen, leading to pyorrhea. The origin is the same as gingivitis, and some factors increase the risk, such as smoking, acute or prolonged infections, diabetes, some drugs, hormonal changes, or even stress. To combat periodontitis, the intervention of a specialist is essential. A combination of mechanical and chemical treatments is usually necessary, the purpose of which is to eliminate bacterial plaque effectively. Flossing and brushing will greatly assist. 

Dental stains.

It is common for teeth to develop small imperfections that sometimes indicate a health problem, and sometimes it is merely aesthetic. Extrinsic stains are treated with professional dental cleaning or dental whitening, depending on their origin and magnitude. If the treatments are not enough, or if the stains are intrinsic, the usual solution is to use dental veneers to hide them.

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